Obviously it means different things to different people. Please allow me, to offer to you, what it means to me, and I will begin with what it doesn’t mean to me.
It doesn’t mean moving to any specific African nation for repatriation. There would be no reason for me to do that because all of those nations (formed by European powers at the 1884 Conference of Berlin), are all under Western hegemony, and controlled by the European ideologies of Capitalism, Communism, Marxism, Socialism, Democracy, Monarchy and too many Religions to name.
Given the present state of our dystopic world, I might just as well stay in the “Hells of North America” (USA) if that is what awaits me in Africa.
So I want to, and have to make it clear that I am talking about a New Way of Living, in a New Territory, because I don’t accept that the United States of America can ever become a better place for CHOSSA to live.
“When they show you who they are the first time, believe them.” — Maya Angelou
Unfortunately, most CHOSSA (Children of Stolen and Sold Africans) believe the problems that we face in the US are going to get better.
“A problem cannot be solved with the consciousness that created it.” — Albert Einstein
European ideologies caused our problem, so they certainly can’t be the solution to our problem(s).
“It’s not what you know that hurts you, it’s what you know, that just ain’t so.” — Satchel Paige
We never have been, nor will we ever be free human beings in America. Ninety percent (90%) of white Americans aren’t free. What would make you think that you, CHOSSA could ever be free in racist, white supremacy America?
Our freedom can only be secured in a nation of our own. And the only place for our New Territory in Africa (NTA), called Nchia Mababu (Swahili for “Land of Our Ancestors’), is on the Continent of Africa.
“Mother may have, and father may have, but god bless the child that has its own.” — Billie Holiday on vocals
Now I would like to briefly share with you what it means to return Back to Africa to reside in a Nchia Mababu. I have no interest in trying to change the culture and norms of any government, or its people. CHOSSA have been trying to do that for over 200 years. Enough is enough. Nchia Mababu will be the beacon, shining light onto, and into, the darkness of Western dis-order, and Western dis-ease. Once CHOSSA see and experience the success of OUR New Territory, without Western hegemony, they will seek citizenship, under their own volition.
As a wise man once said,
“You don’t have to condemn a dirty glass, just sit a clean glass next to it, and let the people decide what vessel they choose.” — Elijah Muhammad
My return Back to Africa means moving to Nchia Mababu, a New Territory ceded to us for use, by our African brothers and sisters, for just compensation, meaning the development of a partnership, a true business partnership, unlike the exploitative agreements with villains like of Cecil Rhodes, Jan Smuts, etc.
CHOSSA will have the right of use, as per our mutual agreement, but not to own (land ownership is discussed in a moment).
An Occupancy and Use Right (OUR) Certificate, which governs settlement, will be issued by the appropriate governing Body of our Society, according to the Law.
Since Law is critical to the success and survival of any organized people, let me share with you some of the laws of Nchia Mababu. The following is a list of twenty-seven (27) categories of Offenses, that if committed, will be deemed criminal acts subject to punishment ranging from incarceration, to exile or death.
4. Sexual Offenses
5. Abortion (there are exceptions, spelled out in law)
6. Arson, and other property destruction
7. Burglary and other Criminal Intrusion
9. Theft and other related Offenses
10. Forgery and Fraudulent Practices
11. Offenses Against the Family
13. Alcohol (anything above 7%)
15. Bribery and Corrupt Influence
16. Falsification and Criminal Influence
17. Obstruction of Societal Operations
18. Wiretapping and Electronic Surveillance
19. Public Indecency
20. Riot, Disorderly Conduct and Related Offenses
21. Possession of Firearms and Other Dangerous Articles and Substances
24. Restraint of Trade and Commerce.
25. Consumption of Banned Products
26. Distribution of False Information to the Public
27. Unlawful Flight to Avoid Prosecution
Obviously, Criminal Statutes must be written to specifically define the above Crimes, Offenses, and Punishment. That will occur in due time. The point in mentioning Law here is so that everyone will be clear that Nchia Mababu is sincere in its effort to establish, maintain, and sustain a ‘righteous’ Society.
In fact let me mention the qualities needed to be a citizen of Nchia Mababu. By now it should be clear that we are talking about a new (r)evolutionary path. With my adjustments, Brother Haki Madhubuti addresses the characteristics necessary for citizenship in Nchia Mababu.
a) Study-oriented: reads, evaluates, and debates books, newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals. Accepts the challenge of education.
b) Worker: looks for ways in which to actively work for self, may hold a job outside in order to sustain self and family. Self-reliant.
c) Organized and systematic. Efficient and diligent.
d) Progressively collective. Conscious of others, cooperative.
e) Family oriented; regards mate as a partner in the struggle; loves children. Values trust in relationships.
f) Disciplined, strong, unyielding, and energetic.
g) Serious; practices fair play, order, and punctuality. Honest and dependable.
h) Analytical and critical.
i) Frugal; buys mainly on a need basis; saves.
j) Creatively aggressive: will dare the impossible if not possible.
k) Respects elders.
l) Dislike’s incompetence and mediocrity.
m) Fights against Societal crime and understands it is rooted in Caucasian/European culture.
n) Loves art, music, and literature.
o) Can give and follow instructions. Encourages experimentation and criticism.
p) Committed to freedom for humanity.
q) Dose not use drugs.
r) Civically active. Not crisis-oriented; acts on information rather than reacts. Plans for the long term; alert; prepared for changes.
s) Self-confident. Respect’s others regardless of gender or skin color.
t) Understands the economic factors that control our lives on a local, national, and international level.
u) Rational in decisions and action.
v) Rewards merit and achievements.
In his book, The Destruction of Black Civilization, Chancellor Williams outlines “Some Political Theories and Principles of Ancient Constitutional Law” that I have only slightly modified for Nchia Mababu. They are as follows:
I. The people are the first and final source of all human power on Earth.
II. The rights of the community of people are, and of right ought to be, superior to those of any individual, including the Selected and Appointed Officials. The Will of the people is the Supreme Law.
III. (S)elected and Appointed Officials are leaders, not rulers. They are selected and appointed representatives of the people and instruments for executing their Will.
IV. Society and people are one and the same.
V. The family is recognized as the primary social, judicial, and economic unit in Society; the family council may function as a court empowered to try all internal (non-serious) matters involving only members of the extended family group.
VI. The Elder of each Extended Family is its representative on the Community Council.
VII. Decisions in Council are made by the Elders.
VIII. The Land belongs to no one. It is considered to be Creation’s gift as a sacred heritage, transmitted by our forefathers as a bond between the living and the dead, to be held in trust by each generation for the unborn who will follow, and thus to the last generation.
IX. Each family, therefore, has the right to use land, free of charge, and sufficient in acreage for its economic well-being; and for the opportunity and means to make a living. Accordingly, land is not owned, and one cannot sell or give it away. The land may he held for life and passed onto the family’s heirs, and so on, forever. The Council of Elders is the Custodian of land under their jurisdiction and ensure for proper distribution and actual use.
X. All monies gifted, and other forms of donations to the appropriate Councils and other governance bodies belong to the people for relief and aid to individuals in times of need.
XI. Every member of the Society has the right of appeal from a lower to a higher Court. The procedure is from the Community Court to the Village Court to the Provincial Court (the Highest Court in NBNM. Such appeals are only allowed in serious matters or major crimes.
XII. Fines for offenses against an individual go to the victim, not the Court. Part of the money received from the loser, may be returned to as an expression of goodwill and a desire for the renewal of friendship. Another part is given as a fee to the trial court as an appreciation of Justice.
XIII. The trouble of one is the trouble of all. No one may go in want while others have anything to give. All are brothers and sisters. Each is his/her brother’s and sister’s keeper.
XIV. Age grades and sets are social, economic, political, and military systems for basic and advanced traditional education; individual and group responsibility roles; police and military training; division of labor; and rites of passage. The age grades are the origins of social, economic, and governance actions.
XV. The Community, as a whole is conceived of as one united party.
a. Factions of opposition are usually formed by the different age groups.
b. Debates may go on indefinitely or until a consensus is reached.
c. Once consensus is reached, and the community will be determined, all open opposition to the common will must cease.
d. Those whose opposition is so serious that they are unwilling to accept the decision may “splinter off”, whether individually or in groups (to form a new neighborhood).
XVI. The Supreme Command of the fighting forces is under the Provincial Council. If one becomes the Commander-in-Chief, it is through selection by the provincial council because of his/her special qualifications as a general or field commander. The position ends with the war/insurrection, and the Armed Forces return to former status under the Provisional Council.
Chancellor Williams also developed “The Fundamental Rights of African People” that were drawn from customary law or traditional constitutions. The following have also been only slightly modified and will form the foundation for the Constitutional Rights of all citizens of Nchia Mababu.
1. The right to equal protection of the law.
2. The right to a home.
3. The right to the use of land sufficient for earning a livelihood for oneself and one’s family.
4. The right to aid in times of trouble.
5. The right to petition for redress of grievances.
6. The right to criticize and condemn any acts by authorities or proposed new laws.
7. The right to reject the community’s final decision on any matter, and to withdraw from the community unmolested. The right of rebellion and withdrawal.
8. The right to a fair trial. There must be no punishment greater than the offense, or fines beyond ability to pay. This latter is determined by income and status of the individual and his/her family, for the family can be held liable for the actions and behavior of its members.
9. The right to indemnity for injuries or loss caused by others.
10. The right to family and community care in cases of sickness or accidents.
11. The right to a general education covering morals, family rights and responsibilities, kinship groups and social organization, neighborhoods, and boundaries, farming and marketing, rapid mental calculation, the sciences, communications, history, and culture.
12. The right to college, vocational, or technical training for a useful career, determined by one’s talent, skill, and ability, not the color of their skin.
13. The right to inheritance as defined by custom
14. The right to special aids from the Governing Council in circumstances beyond a family’s ability.
15. The right to develop one’s ability and exercise any developed skills.
16. The right to protect one’s family and kinsmen, even by violent means if such becomes necessary and can be justified.
17. The right to the protection of moral law in respect to wife and children — a right no one may violate.
18. The right of a man or woman to rise and occupy the highest position in Society if he or she has the requisite ability and character.
19. The right to protection and treatment as a guest when travelling anywhere in Society.
20. The right to an equal share in benefit from common community undertakings if one has contributed to the fullest extent of his or her ability, no matter who or how many were able to contribute more.
This is more than sufficient to frame a Constitution for Nchia Mababu. The specific details and law will be worked out by those with the interest, ability, and character to do so.
Our Mind Is Powerful: Prayer Is A Source!
Yesterday, I was commenting to my youngest daughter, Akima, that I would pray for a friend of mine. He was hospitalized and not doing very well. His wife had asked me to say a prayer for his successful recovery. Inquisitively, she asked, “dad, if you are an atheist, how can you say a prayer for your friend?”
Here is my response to her, and you.
I pray, but not to a spook ‘God.’ I believe prayer is a conversation with self. It is a request to self, and a reminder to self, of what I want to occur. For me, there is no ‘spook god’ involved in the process.
Prayer is self-programming the human computer (our mind) to provide for our individual, as well as collective human need. And just like the computer, you can only get out of it what you put into it, something the ruling elite fully understand, and implement via religion.
“Religion keeps the poor from killing the rich. — Napoleon Bonaparte
“Religion is an opiate for the masses.” — Karl Marx
“We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable’s handbook, an opium dose for keeping the beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order.” — Charles Kingsley, Canon of the Church of England
“When the missionaries came to Africa, they had the Bible and we had the land. They said: ‘Let us pray. ‘ We closed our eyes. When we opened them, we had the Bible and they had the land.” — Jomo Kenyatta, Independence Leader of Kenya
And one more, from an Amer-African centered perspective.
It’s not what you know that hurts you. It’s what you know, that just ain’t so. — Leroy ‘Satchel’ Paige
There are many who discuss the origins and history of religion, but no one does it better than Will Durant in The Story of Philosophy and The Lessons of History . Here are three examples from Durant, and though they refer directly to Christianity, the same could be said about the other major religions as well.
“Religion does not seem at first to have had any connection with morals. Apparently (for we are merely guessing, or echoing Petromius, who echoed Lucretius) ‘it was fear that first made the gods — fear of hidden forces in the earth, rivers, oceans, trees, wind and sky’. Religion became the propitiatory of worship of these forces through offerings, sacrifices, incantation, and prayer. Only when priest used these fears and rituals to support morality and law did religion become a vital force and rival the state. It told the people that the local code of morals and laws had been dictated by the gods. It pictured the god Thoth giving laws to Memes for Egypt, the god Shamash giving Hammurabi a code for Babylonia, Yahveh giving the Ten Commandments and 613 Precepts to Moses for the Jews, and the divine nymph Egeria giving Numa Pompilius laws for Rome. Pagan cults and Christian creeds proclaimed that earthly rulers were appointed and protected by the gods. Gratefully, nearly every state shared its lands and revenues with the priests.
…The Church was manned with men, who often proved biased, venal, and extortionate. France grew in wealth and power and made the papacy her political tool. Kings became strong enough to compel a pope to dissolve that Jesuit Order which had so devotedly supported the popes. The Church stooped to fraud, as with pious legends, bogus relics, and dubious miracles; for centuries it was from a mythical Donation of Constantine: that had allegedly bequeathed Western Europe to Pope Sylvester I (r. 314–35), and from the “False Decretals”(c. 842) that forged a series of documents to give a sacred antiquity to papal omnipotence.
…History has justified the Church in the belief that the masses of mankind desire a religion rich in miracle, mystery, and myth. Some minor modifications have been allowed in ritual, in ecclesiastical costume, and in Episcopal authority; but the Church dares not alter the doctrines that reason smiles at, for such changes would offend and disillusion the millions whose hopes have been tied to inspiring and consolatory imaginations. Catholicism survives because it appeals to the imagination, hope and the senses; because its mythology consoles and brightens the lives of the poor.”
A very wise man told me that “work is better than prayer.”
I believe that work is the actualization of what is programmed in our mind. Work is the physical activity that one carries out as a result of the data that the brain has processed to determine what must be done to sustain life.
If your brain tells you that you must serve the European in order to sustain life, then that’s what you will do. Religion is the great programmer of the mind to ensure that behavior. Presently, humanity serves the ruling elite.
And speaking of the ‘mind’, Carter G. Woodson, in his book The Miseducation of the Negro, 1932, had this to say regarding the mind of the Negro.
“No systematic effort towards change has been possible, for taught the same economics, history, philosophy, literature, and religion which have established the present code of morals, the Negro’s mind has been brought under the control of his oppressor, the problem of holding the Negro down, therefore, is easily solved. When you control a man’s thinking you do not have to tell him not to stand here or go yonder. He will find his ‘proper place’ and will stay in it. You do not need to send him to the back door. He will go without being told. In fact, if there is no back door, he will cut one for his special benefit. His education makes it necessary.
The same educational process which inspires and stimulates the oppressor with the thought that he is everything and has accomplished everything worthwhile, depresses and crushes at the same time the spark of genius in the Negro by making him feel that his race does not amount to much and never will measure up to the standards of other peoples. The Negro thus educated is a hopeless liability of the race”.
Sound familiar? That was over 100 years ago, and the same conditions exist today.
Power is required to be a free people. Caucasian/European power comes from the barrel of a gun.
“Whoever said the pen is mightier than the sword obviously never encountered an automatic weapon.” — General Douglas MacArthur
MacArthur said it facetiously, mocking General Bonaparte’s famous “The pen is mightier than the sword” speech.
“There are only two powers in the world, saber and mind; at the end, saber is always defeated by the mind.” — Napoleon Bonaparte
Our power comes from our mind.
“Our life is shaped by our mind. We become what we think.” — Buddha
The Mysterious ‘Invisible Hand’ Is White, Not Black!
It seems as if we are always dealing with something mystical or transcendental when it comes to an explanation of phenomena that humans can’t see, hear, feel, smell, or touch, whether it be ‘God’, the ‘Devil’, or an ‘Invisible Hand.’ In the West, Spookism must prevail.
In religion folk are taught to walk by faith, not by sight. Don’t believe what you see with your own two eyes; believe what you are told by “God’s” vicegerent on Earth.
In economics, Adam Smith, working for his European masters — the banking cartels — developed an incredibly useful tool for them. Smith convinced people that an ‘invisible hand,’ controlling economic activity, was good for society and would produce a fair and equitable distribution of humanity’s need for food, clothing, shelter. In today’s world, that list must also include the health care, education, communication, and transportation needs of society.
Needless to say, that hasn’t happened. And it won’t happen. Because it can’t happen.
Since usury (charging interest on a loan) is forbidden in both Christianity and Islam, why is it a practice throughout…
The ‘hand’ controlling global economic activity is not ‘invisible’, though it is definitely hidden from most folk; but it is hiding in ‘plain sight’ if one has eyes to see.
Here is one example, regarding the issue of the cost of goods and services, which many people are not able to pay, as a result of the never-ending cycle of inflation. Cost/price is of utmost importance today, particularly among the poor and impoverished.
The prices of goods and services on this planet are controlled by a number of factors.
1. Supply and Demand
2. Government Intervention, or lack thereof
3. Cost of Production (materials and labor)
4. Inflation, which is a general increase in prices over time (Capitalism requires an ever-expanding market)
5. Exchange Rates between two currencies also affect the prices of imported and exported goods and services
All of the above are controlled by the European banking cartels.
Let me briefly deal with each one, starting with antisemitism, which was birthed first. On October 27, 2022, the…
Capitalism, their Western economic ideology, strengthens, fortifies, and governs European hegemony and their global domination; at a severe cost to CHOSSA (Children of Stolen and Sold Africans) and other Indigenous peoples in the Americas, Africa, Asia, Australia, and the South Pacific.
To further elucidate, I must return to the guru of modern economic theory, Campbell R. McConnell, author of Economics, 1987 McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, now in its 21st edition.
Professor McConnell detonates a very powerful atomic bomb, the sound of which will soon be heard around the world. His nuclear truth completely shatters the myth of capitalism as a fair, just, and equitable economic system.
He states that, “we should emphasize that there is nothing particularly ethical about the price system for distributing output”. There is nothing ethical about the price system as a mechanism for distributing output fairly.
The price system, a Western invention, developed during the evolution of capitalism, via the Monetary Economy (1694), gives the European complete control over the marketplace, as well as the control and use of our Earth’s natural and human resources. The Caucasian gives value to everything by controlling both the supply and demand of all resources, thereby allowing him to assign a “price” or cost to each of them. Men are making those decisions, not an ‘invisible hand.’
To increase the devastation of his detonation, McConnell further blasts, “Those households which manage to accumulate large amounts of property resources by inheritance…or by crook will receive large incomes and thus command large shares of the economy’s output”, which in turn only produces more property resources, commanding a still greater share of the society’s output. [“by crook”, the European rich get richer, and the poor people of color get poorer].
The Europeans have made it their business to steal all of the world’s natural resources and they gained tremendous wealth with those resources acquired; and they now determine the price of our labor, as well as the price for the goods produced by our labor.
With this present structure, what would make you think that you can ever achieve financial independence in America, Europe, or any part of the planet ruled by a white supremacist economic ideology that is structured solely to maintain European hegemony over the world and its natural resources, and the people and their human resources?
As long as:
1. Banks are privately owned, and issue a sovereign Nation’s currency
2. Interest is charged, and Debt is an acceptable business practice
3. There is private ownership of Power Generation (nuclear, electric, fossil)
4. Health Care is privately owned, and a cost to citizens
5. Foreign ownership of Sovereign lands is permitted
6. There is cost for Education
7. Media is operated, controlled, and owned by Oligarchs and their families
8. The Utilities (electricity, water, gas, internet) of a nation are privately owned
9. There is no efficient, cost-effective Public Transportation System
10. War is the only means to conflict resolution
11. The development of Artificial Intelligence is privately owned and financed
12. Aeronautical operations and Space exploration is privately owned
13. Privately owned businesses exploit sovereign land (metals and minerals)
14. The business of Insurance is privately owned
15. White supremacy/racism is alive
16. Federal Judges are appointed, and not elected; democracy doesn’t exist
17. A nation’s food production is controlled by cartels and conglomerates
18. Nationalism, Imperialism, and Militarism are endemic to Western Culture.
There will be:
3. Famine, Sickness and Disease
4. War, and its Devastation
5. Man-made Climate Change
6. Inflation and Deflation
9. No civil, or human rights
Yesterday I received some feedback from my recent essay, Capitalism Is Good For White People: Why Is It Bad For Black Folk? It was suggested that I provide a list of why Capitalism is bad for black folk because the headline begged the question, without any specific reasons being enumerated. I believed the narrative sufficiently explained that an economic ideology based on lies, while simultaneously empowering white folk, cannot, nor will not, ever be good for black folk. I hope the above list helps to better understand why Capitalism is bad for black folk.
The guru of modern economic theory, Campbell R. McConnell, author of Economics, 1987 McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, now in…
If my writing interests you, here are two other examples that I hope you will find informative.
“Why does economics matter? Because everything that one does each day, hour, minute, and second, is precisely…
Capitalism Is Good For White Folk: Why Is It Bad For Black Folk?
The guru of modern economic theory, Campbell R. McConnell, author of Economics, 1987 McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, now in its 21st edition, in his opening remarks tells us:
Two fundamental facts provide a foundation for the field of economics [capitalism]. It is imperative that we carefully state and fully understand these two facts, since everything that follows in our study of economics depends directly or indirectly upon them.
a. Society’s material wants, that is, the material wants of its citizens and institutions, are virtually unlimited and insatiable.
b. Economic resources — the means of producing goods and services, are limited or scarce.
These are lies that underpin and provide the foundation for the European economic ideology and philosophy called Capitalism. Their foundation was weak and defective from its inception.
It is absurd to say that the “material wants of its citizens and institutions are virtually unlimited or insatiable.” Human wants are tied to human needs. Humans, and their needs are not unlimited or insatiable. In fact, physical human needs are quite quantifiable, and can be satisfied.
Within range, humans can only consume a quantifiable amount of food before their bodies reject it (through regurgitation). We can easily determine the amount of food (for nutritional purposes) that humans need on a daily basis. With regard to clothing, it is also a simple task of quantifying the clothing needs of humans.
Depending on geography and ecology, reasonably, one can only wear one pair of shoes at a time. One can only wear one pair of pants or a skirt at a time. One can only wear one shirt or blouse at a time. The same for a hat, or coat, or underwear. From the standpoint of shelter, it is the same thing. A human can only live in one house at a time, sleep in one bed at a time, and only use one toilet at a time.
Yes, you could postulate that one could want more than three meals a day, want more than a closet or dresser full of clothes, and/or want two or three residences scattered throughout the country. But let’s be certain that those wants are based on greed, not need. It really goes to a value system based on individualism, not one based on a communal spirit of collective cooperation.
In the second fundamental assertion providing the foundation for capitalism McConnell states, “Economic resources — the means for producing the goods and services are limited.” It is an equally absurd lie used to justify their control of the natural and human resources that provide the means for producing the goods and services necessary for human growth and development.
Economic resources are in such significant supply that they can be said to be unlimited. One kernel of corn, planted in the ground, will yield a stalk with seven ears of corn containing 100 kernels on each ear. This represents a return of 700 to 1. Nature is plentiful, bountiful, and beautiful.
“Surplus, not shortage, has been the driving force in the building of markets, creating supply, and determining prices. Indeed, it can be argued that a central concern of the modern world economic system [capitalism] during this century has been to organize and promote markets so that they are protected from ruinous surplus.
Two important cases illustrate the point.
…with the Nixon administration the government formally encouraged the concept of the agribusiness — that is, supported management of the surplus by the private sector, not by the government. As a practical matter, that meant disposal of the surplus was increasingly the job of the major grain companies, not the government.
Ironic as it may seem, the recent humanitarian concerns for making the food surplus available to millions of poor, undernourished people must be viewed as almost incidental to the overall march of U.S, agricultural policy, which has sought the winning of a profitable and stable market for the surplus over the last century.
…Surplus, not shortage, has governed the oil industry since its inception. Through the Standard Oil Trust, John D. Rockefeller, sought to organize the industry so that is would not be overwhelmed by unbridled competition fed by surplus.
…One reason the oil companies moved into the coal industry was because they feared that this abundant resource might be turned into a devasting, and uncontrollable river of synthetic oil.” — Wealth by Stealth, Rolf Hackman, 2013
There were many goals and objectives to be achieved from the holocaust called World War II, including the birth of the State of Israel; but we must not forget that both Japanese and German scientists had simultaneously developed synthetic oil that threatened the world-wide supply. The Germans produced synthetic oil from coal, while the Japanese produced synthetic oil from plants, both abundant resources on our planet.
Another reason for the war was to control the rich minerals found in Africa.
Mineral exploration and exploitation of Africa by European and American interests served a major purpose. Africa supplied their need for gold, diamonds, and other ‘precious’ gemstones and metals; as well as iron, chrome, titanium, platinum, and uranium, just to name a few of the minerals used in the production of weapons, including most importantly, nuclear weapons, in order to maintain their hegemony of the world and its peoples.
“Historically, the extraction of raw materials was the business of large international corporations, some of them founded in the colonial period, which obtained rights to the minerals for relatively insignificant sums. Little processing of the raw material was carried out in the poor countries.
Many of the international corporations that operate in raw materials are vertically integrated — that is, they control each stage of the production-to-consumer process. Very little of raw or processed materials are traded on the open market through such exchanges as the London Metals Exchange.
In other words, as long as the poor countries are dependent on transnational corporations to reach markets abroad, there is little real meaning to their sovereignty over natural resources. [The history of the Ghana Cocoa Industry is a great example] It is a legal, not a commercial, distinction.
Much of the industry in raw materials today remains based on the mine, as it has been for centuries. And it is the mine which sums up the meaning of the business, or bitter relationships between first and third worlds, of the debasement of humankind. Since the fourteenth century when modern warfare was first invented, the output of the mine has been closely dependent on military industry, for it yields up the stuff with which we make cannon and shells and warships and planes.
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