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Return Back to Africa: What Does That Mean?



Obviously it means different things to different people. Please allow me, to offer to you, what it means to me, and I will begin with what it doesn’t mean to me.

It doesn’t mean moving to any specific African nation for repatriation. There would be no reason for me to do that because all of those nations (formed by European powers at the 1884 Conference of Berlin), are all under Western hegemony, and controlled by the European ideologies of Capitalism, Communism, Marxism, Socialism, Democracy, Monarchy and too many Religions to name.

Given the present state of our dystopic world, I might just as well stay in the “Hells of North America” (USA) if that is what awaits me in Africa.

So I want to, and have to make it clear that I am talking about a New Way of Living, in a New Territory, because I don’t accept that the United States of America can ever become a better place for CHOSSA to live.

“When they show you who they are the first time, believe them.” — Maya Angelou

Unfortunately, most CHOSSA (Children of Stolen and Sold Africans) believe the problems that we face in the US are going to get better.

“A problem cannot be solved with the consciousness that created it.” — Albert Einstein

European ideologies caused our problem, so they certainly can’t be the solution to our problem(s).

“It’s not what you know that hurts you, it’s what you know, that just ain’t so.” — Satchel Paige

We never have been, nor will we ever be free human beings in America. Ninety percent (90%) of white Americans aren’t free. What would make you think that you, CHOSSA could ever be free in racist, white supremacy America?

Our freedom can only be secured in a nation of our own. And the only place for our New Territory in Africa (NTA), called Nchia Mababu (Swahili for “Land of Our Ancestors’), is on the Continent of Africa.

Mother may have, and father may have, but god bless the child that has its own.” — Billie Holiday on vocals

Now I would like to briefly share with you what it means to return Back to Africa to reside in a Nchia Mababu. I have no interest in trying to change the culture and norms of any government, or its people. CHOSSA have been trying to do that for over 200 years. Enough is enough. Nchia Mababu will be the beacon, shining light onto, and into, the darkness of Western dis-order, and Western dis-ease. Once CHOSSA see and experience the success of OUR New Territory, without Western hegemony, they will seek citizenship, under their own volition.

As a wise man once said,

“You don’t have to condemn a dirty glass, just sit a clean glass next to it, and let the people decide what vessel they choose.” — Elijah Muhammad

My return Back to Africa means moving to Nchia Mababu, a New Territory ceded to us for use, by our African brothers and sisters, for just compensation, meaning the development of a partnership, a true business partnership, unlike the exploitative agreements with villains like of Cecil Rhodes, Jan Smuts, etc.

CHOSSA will have the right of use, as per our mutual agreement, but not to own (land ownership is discussed in a moment).

An Occupancy and Use Right (OUR) Certificate, which governs settlement, will be issued by the appropriate governing Body of our Society, according to the Law.

Since Law is critical to the success and survival of any organized people, let me share with you some of the laws of Nchia Mababu. The following is a list of twenty-seven (27) categories of Offenses, that if committed, will be deemed criminal acts subject to punishment ranging from incarceration, to exile or death.

1. Homicide

2. Assault

3. Kidnapping

4. Sexual Offenses

5. Abortion (there are exceptions, spelled out in law)

6. Arson, and other property destruction

7. Burglary and other Criminal Intrusion

8. Robbery

9. Theft and other related Offenses

10. Forgery and Fraudulent Practices

11. Offenses Against the Family

12. Narcotics

13. Alcohol (anything above 7%)

14. Tobacco

15. Bribery and Corrupt Influence

16. Falsification and Criminal Influence

17. Obstruction of Societal Operations

18. Wiretapping and Electronic Surveillance

19. Public Indecency

20. Riot, Disorderly Conduct and Related Offenses

21. Possession of Firearms and Other Dangerous Articles and Substances

22. Nuisances

23. Gambling

24. Restraint of Trade and Commerce.

25. Consumption of Banned Products

26. Distribution of False Information to the Public

27. Unlawful Flight to Avoid Prosecution

Obviously, Criminal Statutes must be written to specifically define the above Crimes, Offenses, and Punishment. That will occur in due time. The point in mentioning Law here is so that everyone will be clear that Nchia Mababu is sincere in its effort to establish, maintain, and sustain a ‘righteous’ Society.

In fact let me mention the qualities needed to be a citizen of Nchia Mababu. By now it should be clear that we are talking about a new (r)evolutionary path. With my adjustments, Brother Haki Madhubuti addresses the characteristics necessary for citizenship in Nchia Mababu.

a) Study-oriented: reads, evaluates, and debates books, newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals. Accepts the challenge of education.

b) Worker: looks for ways in which to actively work for self, may hold a job outside in order to sustain self and family. Self-reliant.

c) Organized and systematic. Efficient and diligent.

d) Progressively collective. Conscious of others, cooperative.

e) Family oriented; regards mate as a partner in the struggle; loves children. Values trust in relationships.

f) Disciplined, strong, unyielding, and energetic.

g) Serious; practices fair play, order, and punctuality. Honest and dependable.

h) Analytical and critical.

i) Frugal; buys mainly on a need basis; saves.

j) Creatively aggressive: will dare the impossible if not possible.

k) Respects elders.

l) Dislike’s incompetence and mediocrity.

m) Fights against Societal crime and understands it is rooted in Caucasian/European culture.

n) Loves art, music, and literature.

o) Can give and follow instructions. Encourages experimentation and criticism.

p) Committed to freedom for humanity.

q) Dose not use drugs.

r) Civically active. Not crisis-oriented; acts on information rather than reacts. Plans for the long term; alert; prepared for changes.

s) Self-confident. Respect’s others regardless of gender or skin color.

t) Understands the economic factors that control our lives on a local, national, and international level.

u) Rational in decisions and action.

v) Rewards merit and achievements.

In his book, The Destruction of Black Civilization, Chancellor Williams outlines “Some Political Theories and Principles of Ancient Constitutional Law” that I have only slightly modified for Nchia Mababu. They are as follows:

I. The people are the first and final source of all human power on Earth.

II. The rights of the community of people are, and of right ought to be, superior to those of any individual, including the Selected and Appointed Officials. The Will of the people is the Supreme Law.

III. (S)elected and Appointed Officials are leaders, not rulers. They are selected and appointed representatives of the people and instruments for executing their Will.

IV. Society and people are one and the same.

V. The family is recognized as the primary social, judicial, and economic unit in Society; the family council may function as a court empowered to try all internal (non-serious) matters involving only members of the extended family group.

VI. The Elder of each Extended Family is its representative on the Community Council.

VII. Decisions in Council are made by the Elders.

VIII. The Land belongs to no one. It is considered to be Creation’s gift as a sacred heritage, transmitted by our forefathers as a bond between the living and the dead, to be held in trust by each generation for the unborn who will follow, and thus to the last generation.

IX. Each family, therefore, has the right to use land, free of charge, and sufficient in acreage for its economic well-being; and for the opportunity and means to make a living. Accordingly, land is not owned, and one cannot sell or give it away. The land may he held for life and passed onto the family’s heirs, and so on, forever. The Council of Elders is the Custodian of land under their jurisdiction and ensure for proper distribution and actual use.

X. All monies gifted, and other forms of donations to the appropriate Councils and other governance bodies belong to the people for relief and aid to individuals in times of need.

XI. Every member of the Society has the right of appeal from a lower to a higher Court. The procedure is from the Community Court to the Village Court to the Provincial Court (the Highest Court in NBNM. Such appeals are only allowed in serious matters or major crimes.

XII. Fines for offenses against an individual go to the victim, not the Court. Part of the money received from the loser, may be returned to as an expression of goodwill and a desire for the renewal of friendship. Another part is given as a fee to the trial court as an appreciation of Justice.

XIII. The trouble of one is the trouble of all. No one may go in want while others have anything to give. All are brothers and sisters. Each is his/her brother’s and sister’s keeper.

XIV. Age grades and sets are social, economic, political, and military systems for basic and advanced traditional education; individual and group responsibility roles; police and military training; division of labor; and rites of passage. The age grades are the origins of social, economic, and governance actions.

XV. The Community, as a whole is conceived of as one united party.

a. Factions of opposition are usually formed by the different age groups.

b. Debates may go on indefinitely or until a consensus is reached.

c. Once consensus is reached, and the community will be determined, all open opposition to the common will must cease.

d. Those whose opposition is so serious that they are unwilling to accept the decision may “splinter off”, whether individually or in groups (to form a new neighborhood).

XVI. The Supreme Command of the fighting forces is under the Provincial Council. If one becomes the Commander-in-Chief, it is through selection by the provincial council because of his/her special qualifications as a general or field commander. The position ends with the war/insurrection, and the Armed Forces return to former status under the Provisional Council.

Chancellor Williams also developed “The Fundamental Rights of African People” that were drawn from customary law or traditional constitutions. The following have also been only slightly modified and will form the foundation for the Constitutional Rights of all citizens of Nchia Mababu.

1. The right to equal protection of the law.

2. The right to a home.

3. The right to the use of land sufficient for earning a livelihood for oneself and one’s family.

4. The right to aid in times of trouble.

5. The right to petition for redress of grievances.

6. The right to criticize and condemn any acts by authorities or proposed new laws.

7. The right to reject the community’s final decision on any matter, and to withdraw from the community unmolested. The right of rebellion and withdrawal.

8. The right to a fair trial. There must be no punishment greater than the offense, or fines beyond ability to pay. This latter is determined by income and status of the individual and his/her family, for the family can be held liable for the actions and behavior of its members.

9. The right to indemnity for injuries or loss caused by others.

10. The right to family and community care in cases of sickness or accidents.

11. The right to a general education covering morals, family rights and responsibilities, kinship groups and social organization, neighborhoods, and boundaries, farming and marketing, rapid mental calculation, the sciences, communications, history, and culture.

12. The right to college, vocational, or technical training for a useful career, determined by one’s talent, skill, and ability, not the color of their skin.

13. The right to inheritance as defined by custom

14. The right to special aids from the Governing Council in circumstances beyond a family’s ability.

15. The right to develop one’s ability and exercise any developed skills.

16. The right to protect one’s family and kinsmen, even by violent means if such becomes necessary and can be justified.

17. The right to the protection of moral law in respect to wife and children — a right no one may violate.

18. The right of a man or woman to rise and occupy the highest position in Society if he or she has the requisite ability and character.

19. The right to protection and treatment as a guest when travelling anywhere in Society.

20. The right to an equal share in benefit from common community undertakings if one has contributed to the fullest extent of his or her ability, no matter who or how many were able to contribute more.

This is more than sufficient to frame a Constitution for Nchia Mababu. The specific details and law will be worked out by those with the interest, ability, and character to do so.

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Jews, Christians, and Muslims: What Ten Commandments Would Moses Offer Today?



Yes, the Hebrew Moses was an African, born and raised. He spoke Aramaic, a Semitic language.

I have exercised my artistic license to offer what I think Moses, an African, would offer today. With history in his rear view mirror, I believe he would accept my adjustments to Commandments 1–4; while 5–10 being mathematically correct, remain intact. I think we all agree that in today’s dystopic world, there is a dire need for the law enforcement of the 10 Commandments. Every day CHOOSA (Children of Stolen and Sold Africans) bear witness to the paucity of their implementation.

The BOLD print indicates my variation of Moses’s Commandments found in the Old Testament, in the Book of Exodus (The word ‘exodus’ will be dealt with another time). The bracketed is my brief commentary.


“Thou shalt have no other gods before me.” — Exodus 20:3

“Thou shalt not have a GOD, much less gods.”

[I offer the following as my commentary regarding ‘God’ and religion.]

“Religion keeps the poor from killing the rich.” — Napoleon Bonaparte

“We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable’s handbook, an opium dose for keeping the beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order.” — Charles Kingsley, Canon of the Church of England

“When the missionaries arrived, the Africans had the land and the missionaries had the Bible. They taught us how to pray with our eyes closed. When we opened them, they had the land and we had the Bible.” — Jomo Kenyatta

It’s not what you know that hurts you. It’s what you know, that just ain’t so.” — Leroy ‘Satchel’ Paige


“Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image.” — Exodus 20:4

“Thou shalt not make the U.S. Dollar a GRAVEN IMAGE.”

[There is no greater example of a graven image than the fiat currency called the U.S. Dollar. Its worship has created a world of greed, corruption, and evil which humanity has endured for the last few centuries. I think we can all bear witness that it is indeed the root of all of the evil that exists and persists in the world today.]


“Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.” — Exodus 20:7

“Thou shalt not allow the economic paradigm — Capitalism — to exist.”

[The evil of Capitalism is direct disrespect for humanity. My mantra, “economics is the driving force in humanity” makes me laser-focused on the economic paradigm governing our world. Allowing the unethical, immoral, unrighteousness, inequitable, and unjust practice of Capitalism is a CRIME against humanity; and is absolutely disrespectful to Creation/Existence.]


“Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.” — Exodus 20:8–10

“Remember that every day of your life requires WORK and REST, to keep it real.”

[Human beings require both work and rest for the sustenance of life. In order to sustain ourselves, we must respect ourselves by acting in accord with our nature, which is to be free. “Self-preservation is the duty of each and every living organism.” To practice such means no longer being a slave to the European banking cartels. They have ruled the world since the formation of the British East India Company (December 31, 1600), and the Dutch West India Company (June 3, 1621).]


“Honor thy father and thy mother.” — Exodus 20:12

“HONOR thy mother and thy father.”

[We must always love and care for those who cared for us first.]


“Thou shalt not kill.” — Exodus 20:13

“Thou shalt not KILL.”

[I won’t insult your intelligence by repeating all of the horrors of the Holocausts Europeans have perpetrated. You already know of the most atrocious. The Middle Passage cost the lives of 20–30 million Africans, and the European theft of the Americas cost the lives of over 50 million Native Indigenous Americans. The wars that the European has waged, not only among themselves, but against Africans, Asians, and Native Indigenous People throughout the world have cost the lives of another 20–30 million people. It is an indictment that must, and will be, adjudicated.]


“Thou shalt not commit adultery.” — Exodus 20:14

“Thou shalt not commit ADULTERY.”

[The sanctimony of marriage must be respected, preserved, and promoted.]


“Thou shalt not steal.” — Exodus 20:15

“Thou shalt not STEAL.”

[Taking anything that doesn’t belong to you is stealing. That is what the European has been doing since Alexander III invaded, pillaged, and conquered Egypt in 332 B.C. The British bragged that, “the sun never sets on the British Empire.” The Banking Cartels may have shifted locations, but they still carry on their work of world domination. North, Central (including the Caribbean), and South America; along with Asia, African, and Australia (including the South Pacific islands) is land that was stolen, and still is presently controlled by these bankers. Their greatest theft is USURY. As Thomas Alva Edison said, “Interest is the invention of Satan.”]


“Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.” — Exodus 20:16

“Thou shalt not LIE.”

[Honestly, honesty is a Universal Law that must be adhered to. If you lie to someone, you are “bearing false witness,” and may cause harm to yourself and to others. The ultimate penalty could be your death.]


“Thou shalt not covet.” — Exodus 20:17

“Thou shalt not COVET.”

[Covet means to be so jealous of something someone else has, that you want it desperately. After living in the hills and caves of Europe for 40,000 years, the Caucasian emerged with a lust and desire for the world that Aristotle, Alexander III’s tutor and mentor described to him. Aristotle talked of a land that the Greeks named and called Africa; a wonderful glorious Continent that he learned from Socrates, via Plato.]

I conclude with two more Commandment that I believe Moses would offer today.


“Thou shalt not tell people that I have chosen you as my special people, privileged with Whiteness.”

[First, it is not true. ALL life is chosen from, and emanates from Creation. Our very existence if proof of Creation, an extremely random process favoring no one. Secondly, all that lie does is build up resentment and hatred against you. We are all special creations, with none being superior to others, notwithstanding our cultural differences.]


“Thou shalt not practice Usury.”

[The expression, “neither a lender nor a borrower be” is the best advice one can receive. Charging interest, which is a severe burden to the borrower, that need not be, has been forbidden in Christianity and Islam since they were formed. I offer the following for your consideration]

“Debt’s ancient origin is reflected in biblical admonitions [2,000 years ago] about debt, and the interest payments which often accompany debt. So Solomon warns, “The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is the slave of the lender.

In Exodus, when God specifies the ordinances for the Jewish people, he includes the admonition that, “If you lend to any of my people with you who is poor, you shall not be to him as a creditor, and you shall not exact interest from him.

Secret Life of Money, Tad Crawford, 1994

That admonition should apply to all humanity, not just European Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews.

Please offer your thoughts; and let’s talk about specific solutions.

Thank you.

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There Is No Nexus Between Black Nationalism and Marxism: It Is Nonsense To Propose Such!



I have been following the writings of Dwayne Wong (Omowale) since I joined ten months ago. He has written some though-provoking essays that I have found interesting. Even though he wrote the following essay in March of this year, my jury is still out deliberating on my younger brother (I am 77, so I can call him my younger brother). I do believe he will be acquitted. 🙂

Why I’m Not a Marxist

This is the final in a series of articles that I published on the topic of Marxism in the Pan-African struggle. I want…

Today, he posted an essay that grabbed my attention. My belief that “the driving force in humanity is economics” compelled me to respond.

“…So the lineage of capitalism passes naturally from the earliest Babylonian merchants through the medieval burghers to the early bourgeois and finally to the industrial capitalist.” — The Origin of Capitalism; A Longer View, Ellen Meiksins, 2002

Economics matters. Everything that one does each day, hour, minute, and second, is precisely determined by the economic paradigm that governs one’s life. I hope that he will not be offended by my assessment of his piece that my headline addresses. I certainly welcome his assessment of mine.

The Ideological Debate Between Black Nationalism and Marxism

The ideological debate between Black Nationalism and Marxism has been a topic of discussion and contention for decades…

disagree with his statement that, the ideological debate between Black Nationalism and Marxism that has shaped the discourse on liberation and justice within the Black community, “is not an either-or situation, but rather an opportunity to embrace the strengths and insights of both ideologies.”

It is absolutely an either-or-situation.

There is not contest. Black Nationalism is the winner. (Similar to the ass-whooping (70–20) that the Miami Dolphins administered on the Denver Broncos last Sunday.)

There are NO strengths and insights in Marxist ideology that support African Liberation. Marxism is an eco-political European ideology that, by our brother’s admission, “does not directly address racial oppression.” Marx and Engels published their “Communist Manifesto” (1848), to address the issues facing European/Caucasian people, not us.

Just because Marx was an opponent of Capitalism, it does not make him an friend or advocate for the liberation of our people. Both Capitalism and Communism perpetuate our enslavement; and must be understood as an anathema to COLONIZED Africans, Asians, and Indigenous Americans worldwide. (As quiet as it’s kept, the Earth is a “Company Town” operating under European hegemony.

The Colony Called America: Company Town 3.0

How dare I call America a colony, much less a company town? The truth is the truth. I assume you will agree with me…

Brother Dwayne correctly points out that, “Padmore, initially a communist, abandoned the Communist Party after realizing that white communists were not fully committed to African liberation. He became critical of the racism within the communist movement and praised Garvey for his understanding of white communists’ racism.”

My brother goes on to say that Garvey, “identified as a self-professed capitalist but was critical of exploitative practices within capitalism.” Rest assured that Garvey’s definition of capitalism was quite different than Adam Smith’s definition. Brother Garvey meant making use of Land and Labor to produce Capital (goods and services necessary for the growth and development of society) was his objective, as it should be for anyone wanting to live in a productive civilized society.

Adam Smith’s Capitalism, which began when Alexander III invaded and conquered Egypt in 332 B.C., advocates the ownership of “private property,” including the ownership of human beings, salaried or otherwise. Garvey did not.

As Brother Omowale said, “Black Nationalism is an ideology that emphasizes racial unity and self-determination for the Black community.” He also astutely observed that, “Garvey, a Jamaican-born activist, advocated for the establishment of a separate Black nation and the repatriation of Black people to Africa. He believed that economic empowerment was the foundation for Black liberation and encouraged Black people to be proud of their African heritage.” I am in 100% agreement with Brother Marcus, one of my icons and mentors.

Brother Garvey’s call for separation and repatriation of American Africans to Africa is the only opportunity we have to achieve Liberation and Freedom. Marcus’s thoughts are African centered. Marx’s thoughts are Eurocentric. The two ideologies will never coincide, correlate, nor coexist together.

The ideological debate between Black Nationalism and Marxism, is “a ship that has sailed.” There is no longer a debate. Black Nationalism, as defined by the Honorable Marcus Garvey, must be our life work. It is certainly my life work.

Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and Me; Capitalism, Marxism, and Equism; Black Folk Need To Know

On February 11, 2023, Rustam Seerat, posted the following essay on It is an AI-generated imaginary…

Please offer your thoughts; and let’s talk about specific solutions.

Thank you.

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What Does INTEGRATION Mean? Mathematically It Is The Truth; Racially It Is A Lie; Culturally It Is Critical to the Survival of Humanity.



The Merriam-Webster Dictionary offers several meanings for this transitive verb integration. The importance of each meaning is critical to understanding my answers to the question posed in the above headline.

1: to form, coordinate, or blend into a functioning or unified whole : UNITE

2 a: to incorporate into a larger unit

b: to unite with something else

3 a: DESEGREGATE integrate school districts

b: to end the segregation of and bring into equal membership in society or an organization

I begin with #1, the mathematical definition of integration. “To form, coordinate, or blend into a functioning or unified whole: UNITE” is the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. “Mathematics is Truth.” The concept of unity is acceptable to everyone. Folk would agree that there is strength in UNITY.

But what is the purpose for unity? Are the KKK, the Proud Boys, and the Oath Keepers good purposes for unity? For Europeans, the answer is yes. For Africans, Asians, and Indigenous Americans living in European colonies, the answer is no.

Number 3 is where the ‘rubber meets the road.’ “DESEGREGATE, integrate school districts” and “to end the segregation of and bring into equal membership in society or an organization” speak directly to “Race Is a Lie.” Race, the false narrative propagated by the European is a man-made construct called that has deliberately divided humanity since its inception and is still in effect and in force today.

The belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability, and that a particular race is superior to others, and that discrimination or prejudice based on race is justified by law is a total human fabrication. Scientifically, no valid fact regarding human behavior can be drawn from the melanin content of a human being’s skin. Melanin is a pigment — meaning color, nothing more, nothing less.

Human beings are shaped by our genetic heritage (bio-chemical package), our parents’ lessons, the “schooling” we receive, our own personal experiences, and “the proverbial environment” as we traverse ‘life’; also, learning from the experience of others who have already gone before.

The hatred, animosity, and divisiveness engendered and promulgated by Race are threatening human survival. The exigent circumstances that we face today demand immediate attention, and immediate action.

I will end with #2, which offers, “to incorporate into a larger unit” and “to unite with something else.” “…Culture is critical to the survival of Humanity.” What does cultural integration mean?

I am very clear that humanity’s survival is dependent on the mutual cooperation of its inhabitants. We absolutely need to incorporate into a larger unit, but caveat emptor. The man-made economic, political, and religious ideologies that perpetuate the hegemony of the ‘ruling elite’ cannot, and will not be carried forward by us.

Africans, Asians, and Indigenous Americans must, and will discard Capitalism, Democracy, and Monotheism in order to survive and thrive. “To unite with something else” is mandatory. That ‘something else’ is a new paradigm, an African centered paradigm.

I have no interest in overturning Capitalism or overthrowing Democracy, much less trying to stamp out Monotheism. If that is what folks want, I say, “let them have at it.”

Humanity wants and needs something different than what we experience today under European rule. Our present dystopia should be proof enough for you.

Capitalism, which has continuously evolved since Alexander III invaded Egypt (Africa) in 332 BC, established and articulated the reasoning for the European collecting and controlling all of the human and natural resources necessary for the production, distribution and consumption of the goods and services essential to the growth and evolution of an organized people.

It was both purposeful and deliberate. And it was concomitant with the Europeans having stolen lands and peoples. Capitalism works for Europeans. It does not work for 99% of humanity. European Capitalism created the problem humanity faces today.

“A problem cannot be solved by the consciousness that created it.” — Albert Einstein

Pope Francis’s recent statement is further proof.

An economic system that is fair, trustworthy and capable of addressing the most profound challenges facing humanity and our planet is urgently needed.”

Pope Francis and I agree.

Democracy, the political philosophy, was developed by Cleisthenes in Athens in 507 B.C. After less than 100 years, ‘democracy’ had reared its ugly head sufficiently for Plato to voice opinion. Founder of the Academy in Athens, “the first institution of higher learning in the Western World” — Wikipedia — and considered the founding father of political philosophy, Plato, was taught by Socrates, an African, and in turn, Plato taught Aristotle, Alexander III’s tutor, and mentor.

Plato believed that the democratic man was more concerned about his money over how he could help people. “He does whatever he wants whenever he wants to do it. His life has no priority.” [Capitalism in its infancy.] Plato did not believe that democracy is the best form of government. Plato’s Republic presents a critical view of democracy through the narration of our brother Socrates (a Greek African):

…foolish leaders of Democracy, which is a charming form of government full of variety and disorder and dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequaled alike.”

Monotheism is a tool.

“Religion keeps the poor from killing the rich.” — Napoleon Bonaparte

Here is a more telling message.

“We have used the Bible as if it were a mere special constable’s handbook, an opium dose for keeping the beasts of burden patient while they were being overloaded, a mere book to keep the poor in order.” — Charles Kingsley, Canon of the Church of England

And one more, from an African centered perspective.

It’s not what you know that hurts you. It’s what you know, that just ain’t so.” — Leroy ‘Satchel’ Paige

Please offer your thoughts; and let’s talk about specific solutions.

Thank you.

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